Mayo Clinic Rochester
Early Stage Investigator Grants (ESI)
Project End Date
Notice of Funding Opportunity
For more information, see NIH RePORTER Project 1R01CA275870-01
Investigating the role of MAP2 in chemotherapy-induced peripheral neurotoxicity
Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a serious side effect that causes morbidity and limits the dose of chemotherapy allowed to treat cancers. In most classes of neurotoxic chemotherapeutics, CIPN manifests as damage to dorsal root ganglia sensory neurons. The neuronal damage is thought to be due to an unelucidated combination of dysfunctional microtubules, axonal transport and mitochondria that ultimately leads to programmed axonal degeneration via a nicotinamide mononucleotide adenylyl transferase 2 (NMNAT2) and Sterile Alpha and TIR Motif Containing 1 (SARM1) pathway. The link between these processes, however, remains entirely unknown. Using a human induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived dorsal root ganglia sensory neuronal culture system (iSN), we have identified microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP2) as a key determinant of CIPN. When exposed to clinically-relevant doses of bortezomib, paclitaxel or vincristine, MAP2 levels drop and there is subcellular MAP2 mislocalization in iSN that occurs prior to axonal degeneration. Critically, overexpression of MAP2 is protective for bortezomib-induced neurotoxicity in iSN. In this grant application, we propose to further dissect the role of MAP2 in CIPN by utilizing an innovative CRISPR-ErCas12a system to develop genetically-engineered iPSC lines that fluorescently-tag either MAP2 or NMNAT2. These novel iPSC lines will allow for detailed analyses of the time course of altered subcellular localization and axonal transport, and how these processes link to SARM1 activation and axonal degeneration. Furthermore, we will investigate the overlapping mechanisms in CIPN due to bortezomib, paclitaxel, and vincristine using our previously successful proteomics analysis approach, which now will employ a state-of-the-art quantitative proteomic and phosphoproteomic technology. The proposed Specific Aims build on existing understanding of the pathomechanisms of CIPN while innovating into unexplored novel areas that are potential targets for preventative therapeutic development.