Medicines and other treatments are effective in preventing or reducing many types of nausea and vomiting. Supportive Care research is showing how such interventions can improve a patient's quality of life, prevent and relieve suffering during cancer therapy and treat pain and other problems.
- Acute: happens within 24 hours after beginning chemotherapy.
- Anticipatory: happens before a chemotherapy treatment begins. The smells, sights, and sounds of the treatment room may trigger nausea and vomiting.
- Breakthrough: happens within 5 days after getting antinausea treatment.
- Delayed (late): happens more than 24 hours after chemotherapy.
- Refractory: does not respond to drugs taken to prevent it.