Ultrasound tomography imaging with waveform sound speed: Parenchymal changes in women undergoing tamoxifen therapy.

Author(s): Sak M,  Duric N,  Littrup P,  Sherman M,  Gierach G

Journal: Proc SPIE Int Soc Opt Eng

Date: 2017 Mar

Major Program(s) or Research Group(s): BGCRG

PubMed ID: 29046597

PMC ID: PMC5642114

Abstract: Ultrasound tomography (UST) is an emerging modality that can offer quantitative measurements of breast density. Recent breakthroughs in UST image reconstruction involve the use of a waveform reconstruction as opposed to a ray-based reconstruction. The sound speed (SS) images that are created using the waveform reconstruction have a much higher image quality. These waveform images offer improved resolution and contrasts between regions of dense and fatty tissues. As part of a study that was designed to assess breast density changes using UST sound speed imaging among women undergoing tamoxifen therapy, UST waveform sound speed images were then reconstructed for a subset of participants. These initial results show that changes to the parenchymal tissue can more clearly be visualized when using the waveform sound speed images. Additional quantitative testing of the waveform images was also started to test the hypothesis that waveform sound speed images are a more robust measure of breast density than ray-based reconstructions. Further analysis is still needed to better understand how tamoxifen affects breast tissue.