Classification and evolution of human papillomavirus genome variants: Alpha-5 (HPV26, 51, 69, 82), Alpha-6 (HPV30, 53, 56, 66), Alpha-11 (HPV34, 73), Alpha-13 (HPV54) and Alpha-3 (HPV61).
Date: 2018 Mar
Major Program(s) or Research Group(s): BGCRG
PubMed ID: 29331867
PMC ID: PMC6093212
Abstract: HPV variants from the same type can be classified into lineages and sublineages based on the complete genome differences and the phylogenetic topologies. We examined nucleotide variations of twelve HPV types within the species Alpha-5 (HPV26, 51, 69, 82), Alpha-6 (HPV30, 53, 56, 66), Alpha-11 (HPV34, 73), Alpha-13 (HPV54) and Alpha-3 (HPV61) by analyzing 1432 partial sequences and 181 complete genomes from multiple geographic populations. The inter-lineage and inter-sublineage mean differences of HPV variants ranged between 0.9-7.3% and 0.3-0.9%, respectively. The heterogeneity and phylogenies of HPV isolates indicate an independent evolutionary history for each type. The noncoding regions were the most variable regions whereas the capsid proteins were relatively conserved. Certain variant lineages and/or sublineages were geographically-associated. These data provide the basis to further classify HPV variants and should foster future studies on the evolution of HPV genomes and the associations of HPV variants with cancer risk.