Deciphering Protein Glycosylation by Computational Integration of On-chip Profiling, Glycan-array Data, and Mass Spectrometry.

Author(s): Klamer Z,  Hsueh P,  Ayala-Talavera D,  Haab B

Journal: Mol Cell Proteomics

Date: 2019 Jan

Major Program(s) or Research Group(s): GLYCO

PubMed ID: 30257876

PMC ID: PMC6317472

Abstract: The difficulty in uncovering detailed information about protein glycosylation stems from the complexity of glycans and the large amount of material needed for the experiments. Here we report a method that gives information on the isomeric variants of glycans in a format compatible with analyzing low-abundance proteins. On-chip glycan modification and probing (on-chip gmap) uses sequential and parallel rounds of exoglycosidase cleavage and lectin profiling of microspots of proteins, together with algorithms that incorporate glycan-array analyses and information from mass spectrometry, when available, to computationally interpret the data. In tests on control proteins with simple or complex glycosylation, on-chip gmap accurately characterized the relative proportions of core types and terminal features of glycans. Subterminal features (monosaccharides and linkages under a terminal monosaccharide) were accurately probed using a rationally designed sequence of lectin and exoglycosidase incubations. The integration of mass information further improved accuracy in each case. An alternative use of on-chip gmap was to complement the mass spectrometry analysis of detached glycans by specifying the isomers that comprise the glycans identified by mass spectrometry. On-chip gmap provides the potential for detailed studies of glycosylation in a format compatible with clinical specimens or other low-abundance sources.