A Targeted Proteomic Approach for Heat Shock Proteins Reveals DNAJB4 as a Suppressor for Melanoma Metastasis.
Journal: Anal Chem
Date: 2018 Jun 5
Major Program(s) or Research Group(s): ARP
PubMed ID: 29722524
PMC ID: PMC6154490
Abstract: Heat shock proteins are molecular chaperones that are involved in protein folding. In this study, we developed a targeted proteomic method, relying on LC-MS/MS in the parallel-reaction monitoring (PRM) mode, for assessing quantitatively the human heat shock proteome. The method facilitated the coverage of approximately 70% of the human heat shock proteome and displayed much better throughput and sensitivity than the shotgun proteomic approach. We also applied the PRM method for assessing the differential expression of heat shock proteins in three matched primary/metastatic pairs of melanoma cell lines. We were able to quantify ∼45 heat shock proteins in each pair of cell lines, and the quantification results revealed that DNAJB4 is down-regulated in the three lines of metastatic melanoma cells relative to the corresponding primary melanoma cells. Interrogation of The Cancer Genome Atlas data showed that lower levels of DNAJB4 expression conferred poorer prognosis in melanoma patients. Moreover, we found that DNAJB4 suppresses the invasion of cultured melanoma cells through diminished expression and activities of matrix metalloproteinases 2 and 9 (MMP-2 and MMP-9). Together, we established, for the first time, a high-throughput targeted proteomics method for profiling quantitatively the human heat shock proteome and discovered DNAJB4 as a suppressor for melanoma metastasis.