The complicated 'Yes': Decision-making processes and receptivity to lung cancer screening among head and neck cancer survivors.

Author(s): Seaman AT,  Dukes K,  Hoffman RM,  Christensen AJ,  Kendell N,  Sussman AL,  Veléz-Bermúdez M,  Volk RJ,  Pagedar NA

Journal: Patient Educ Couns

Date: 2018 Oct

Major Program(s) or Research Group(s): NCORP

PubMed ID: 29709410

PMC ID: PMC6119119

Abstract: OBJECTIVE: Shared decision making (SDM) is recommended when offering lung cancer screening (LCS)-which presents challenges with tobacco-related cancer survivors because they were excluded from clinical trials. Our objective was to characterize head and neck cancer (HNC) survivors' knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs toward LCS and SDM. METHODS: Between November 2017 and June 2018, we conducted semi-structured qualitative interviews with 19 HNC survivors, focusing on patients' cancer and smoking history, receptivity to and perceptions of LCS, and decision-making preferences RESULTS: Participants were receptive to LCS, referencing their successful HNC outcomes. They perceived that LCS might reduce uncertainty and emphasized the potential benefits of early diagnosis. Some expressed concern over costs or overdiagnosis, but most minimized potential harms, including false positives and radiation exposure. Participants preferred in-person LCS discussions, often ideally with their cancer specialist. CONCLUSION AND PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: HNC survivors may have overly optimistic expectations for LCS, and clinicians need to account for this in SDM discussions. Supporting these patients in making informed decisions will be challenging because we lack clinical data on the potential benefits and harms of LCS for cancer survivors. While some patients prefer discussing LCS with their cancer specialists, the ability of specialists to support high-quality decision making is uncertain.