Longitudinal assessment of the impact of higher body mass index on cancer-related fatigue in patients with breast cancer receiving chemotherapy.
Journal: Support Care Cancer
Date: 2020 Mar
Major Program(s) or Research Group(s): NCORP
PubMed ID: 31267279
PMC ID: PMC7243469
Abstract: PURPOSE: To assess the impact of obesity on cancer-related fatigue (CRF) in patients with breast cancer, through a secondary analysis of a large, longitudinal, nationwide study of breast cancer patients beginning chemotherapy. METHODS: All patients (N = 565; aged 53 ± 10.6) with breast cancer completed the multidimensional fatigue symptom inventory and the symptom inventory to measure CRF symptoms at baseline, post-chemotherapy, and 6 months post-chemotherapy. Height and weight at baseline were used to categorize subjects based on body mass index (BMI): obese (≥ 30.0 kg/m2; n = 294), overweight (25.0-29.9 kg/m2; n = 146), and normal weight (18.5-24.9 kg/m2; n = 125). Multivariate regression models evaluated the relationship of obesity level to CRF over time, controlling for age, menopausal status, race, Karnofsky Performance Status, cancer stage, radiation, and exercise status. RESULTS: At baseline, the obese had significantly higher CRF symptoms than the normal weight subjects for both the Multidimensional fatigue symptom inventory (MFSI) total (obese = 11.2 vs normal weight = 6.3; p = 0.03) and Symptom Inventory (SI) (obese = 3.5 vs normal weight = 2.9; p = 0.03). Significantly higher SI fatigue scores persisted at post-chemotherapy for the obese (obese = 5.0 vs normal weight = 4.4; p = 0.02). At 6 months post-chemotherapy, the obese patients still had significantly higher SI fatigue scores (obese = 3.5 vs normal weight = 3.0; p = 0.05). CONCLUSION: Obese patients suffered greater CRF from pre-chemotherapy through 6 months post-chemotherapy. Recommendations for weight loss or weight maintenance may impact CRF levels in obese breast cancer patients before and after chemotherapy.