Associations of Sedentary Time with Energy Expenditure and Anthropometric Measures.

Author(s): Bonn SE,  Rimm EB,  Matthews CE,  Troiano RP,  Bowles HR,  Rood J,  Barnett JB,  Willett WC,  Chomistek AK

Journal: Med Sci Sports Exerc

Date: 2018 Dec

Major Program(s) or Research Group(s): BRG

PubMed ID: 30048408

PMC ID: PMC6237631

Abstract: PURPOSE: To investigate associations between accelerometer-determined sedentary time (ST) in prolonged (≥30 min) and nonprolonged (<30 min) bouts with physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE) from doubly labeled water. Additionally, associations between ST and body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference were examined. METHODS: Data from 736 women and 655 men age 43 to 82 yr were analyzed. Participants wore the Actigraph GT3X for 7 d on two occasions approximately 6 months apart, and the average of the measurements was used. Physical activity energy expenditure was estimated by subtracting resting metabolic rate and the thermic effect of food from doubly labeled water estimates of total daily energy expenditure. Cross-sectional associations were analyzed using isotemporal substitution modeling. RESULTS: Reallocation of prolonged ST to nonprolonged was not associated with increased PAEE and only significantly associated with lower BMI (β = -0.57 kg·m; 95% confidence interval, -0.94 to -0.20) and waist circumference (β = -1.61 cm; 95% confidence interval, -2.61 to -0.60) in men. Replacing either type of ST with light or moderate-to-vigorous physical activity was significantly associated with higher PAEE, and lower BMI and waist circumference in both women and men. CONCLUSIONS: Limiting time spent sedentary as well as decreasing ST accumulated in prolonged bouts may have beneficial effects on BMI and waist circumference. Replacing any type of ST with activities of light or higher intensity may also have a substantial impact on PAEE.