Circulating adipokine levels and endometrial cancer risk in the prostate, lung, colorectal, and ovarian cancer screening trial.

Author(s): Luhn P,  Dallal CM,  Weiss JM,  Black A,  Huang WY,  Lacey JV Jr,  Hayes RB,  Stanczyk FZ,  Wentzensen N,  Brinton LA

Journal: Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev

Date: 2013 Jul

Major Program(s) or Research Group(s): PLCO

PubMed ID: 23696194

PMC ID: PMC3819202

Abstract: BACKGROUND: Circulating adipokine levels may be associated with endometrial cancer risk, yet few studies have evaluated these markers prospectively. METHODS: We conducted a nested case-control study of postmenopausal women in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial (n = 78,216), including 167 incident endometrial cancer cases and 327 controls that were matched on age, study center, race, study year of diagnosis, year of blood draw, time of day of blood draw, and menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) use. Adipokine and estradiol levels were categorized into tertiles (T). ORs and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the associations of adiponectin, leptin, and visfatin with endometrial cancer risk were estimated by conditional logistic regression, adjusting for known endometrial cancer risk factors, including body mass index (BMI) and circulating estradiol levels. RESULTS: Adiponectin levels were inversely associated with risk of endometrial cancer [ORT3vsT1 = 0.48; 95% CI, 0.29-0.80); Ptrend < 0.01], whereas elevated leptin levels showed a positive association [2.77 (1.60-4.79); Ptrend < 0.01]. These results remained significant after adjustment for estradiol, but not after further adjustment for BMI. When analyses were restricted to non-MHT users, associations of adiponectin and leptin were stronger and remained significant after adjustment for estradiol and BMI [0.25 (0.08-0.75); Ptrend = 0.01 and 4.72 (1.15-19.38); Ptrend = 0.02, respectively]. Nonsignificant positive associations were observed for visfatin. CONCLUSION: Adipokines may influence endometrial cancer risk through pathways other than estrogen-mediated cell growth in postmenopausal women not currently on MHT. IMPACT: Understanding how adipokines influence endometrial cancer risk may help to elucidate biological mechanisms important for the observed obesity-endometrial cancer association.