Development of the National Cancer Institute's patient-reported outcomes version of the common terminology criteria for adverse events (PRO-CTCAE).

Author(s): Basch E,  Reeve BB,  Mitchell SA,  Clauser SB,  Minasian LM,  Dueck AC,  Mendoza TR,  Hay J,  Atkinson TM,  Abernethy AP,  Bruner DW,  Cleeland CS,  Sloan JA,  Chilukuri R,  Baumgartner P,  Denicoff A,  St Germain D,  O'Mara AM,  Chen A,  Kelaghan J,  Bennett AV,  Sit L,  Rogak L,  Barz A,  Paul DB,  Schrag D

Journal: J Natl Cancer Inst

Date: 2014 Sep

Major Program(s) or Research Group(s): COPTRG, OD

PubMed ID: 25265940

PMC ID: PMC4200059

Abstract: The standard approach for documenting symptomatic adverse events (AEs) in cancer clinical trials involves investigator reporting using the National Cancer Institute's (NCI's) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE). Because this approach underdetects symptomatic AEs, the NCI issued two contracts to create a patient-reported outcome (PRO) measurement system as a companion to the CTCAE, called the PRO-CTCAE. This Commentary describes development of the PRO-CTCAE by a group of multidisciplinary investigators and patient representatives and provides an overview of qualitative and quantitative studies of its measurement properties. A systematic evaluation of all 790 AEs listed in the CTCAE identified 78 appropriate for patient self-reporting. For each of these, a PRO-CTCAE plain language term in English and one to three items characterizing the frequency, severity, and/or activity interference of the AE were created, rendering a library of 124 PRO-CTCAE items. These items were refined in a cognitive interviewing study among patients on active cancer treatment with diverse educational, racial, and geographic backgrounds. Favorable measurement properties of the items, including construct validity, reliability, responsiveness, and between-mode equivalence, were determined prospectively in a demographically diverse population of patients receiving treatments for many different tumor types. A software platform was built to administer PRO-CTCAE items to clinical trial participants via the internet or telephone interactive voice response and was refined through usability testing. Work is ongoing to translate the PRO-CTCAE into multiple languages and to determine the optimal approach for integrating the PRO-CTCAE into clinical trial workflow and AE analyses. It is envisioned that the PRO-CTCAE will enhance the precision and patient-centeredness of adverse event reporting in cancer clinical research.