Phase I-II trial of imatinib mesylate (Gleevec; STI571) in treatment of recurrent oligodendroglioma and mixed oligoastrocytoma. North central cancer treatment group study N0272 (ALLIANCE/NCCTG).

Author(s): Jaeckle KA,  Anderson SK,  Twohy EL,  Dixon JG,  Giannini C,  Jenkins R,  Egorin MJ,  Sarkaria JN,  Brown PD,  Flynn PJ,  Schwerkoske J,  Buckner JC,  Galanis E

Journal: J Neurooncol

Date: 2019 Jul

Major Program(s) or Research Group(s): NCORP

PubMed ID: 31119479

PMC ID: PMC6717651

Abstract: PURPOSE: To evaluate the pharmacokinetics and efficacy of imatinib in patients with recurrent oligodendroglial tumors. METHODS: Patients with progressive WHO grade II-III recurrent tumors after prior RT and chemotherapy were eligible. A phase I dose-escalation study was conducted for patients on enzyme-inducing anticonvulsants (EIAC). A phase II study for non-EIAC patients utilized a fixed dose of 600 mg/D. Primary efficacy endpoint was 6-month progression-free survival (PFS6). A 2-stage design was utilized, with 90% power to detect PFS6 increase from 25 to 45%. RESULTS: In the Phase I, maximum tolerated dose was not reached at 1200 mg/D. For phase II patients, overall PFS6 was 33% and median PFS 4.0 months (95% CI 2.1, 5.7). Median overall survival (OS) was longer in imatinib-treated patients compared with controls (16.6 vs. 8.0 months; HR = 0.64, 95% CI 0.41,1.0, p = 0.049), and longer in patients with 1p/19q-codeleted tumors (19.2 vs. 6.2 months, HR = 0.43, 95% CI 0.21,0.89, p = 0.019). Confirmed response rate was 3.9% (PR = 1; REGR = 1), with stable disease observed in 52.9%. At 600 mg/D, mean steady-state imatinib plasma concentration was 2513 ng/ml (95% CI 1831,3195). Grade 3-4 adverse events (hematologic, fatigue, GI, hypophosphatemia, or hemorrhage) occurred in 61%. CONCLUSIONS: Although adequate plasma levels were achieved, the observed PFS6 of 33% did not reach our pre-defined threshold for success. Although OS was longer in imatinib-treated patients than controls, this finding would require forward validation in a larger cohort. Imatinib might show greater activity in a population enriched for PDGF-dependent pathway activation in tumor tissue.