Publications

Future directions in cancer prevention.

Author(s): Umar A,  Dunn BK,  Greenwald P

Journal: Nat Rev Cancer

Date: 2012 Dec

Major Program(s) or Research Group(s): CADRG

PubMed ID: 23151603

PMC ID: not available

Abstract: Prevention of cancer remains the most promising strategy for reducing both its incidence and the mortality due to this disease. For more than four decades, findings from epidemiology, basic research and clinical trials have informed the development of lifestyle and medical approaches to cancer prevention. These include selective oestrogen receptor modulators and aromatase inhibitors for breast cancer, the 5-α-reductase inhibitors finasteride and dutasteride for prostate cancer, and the development of vaccines for viruses that are associated with specific cancers. Future directions include genetic, proteomic and other molecular approaches for identifying pathways that are associated with cancer initiation and development, as well as refining the search for immunologically modifiable causes of cancer.