A randomized phase I/II study of ABT-888 in combination with temozolomide in recurrent temozolomide resistant glioblastoma: an NRG oncology RTOG group study.

Author(s): Robins HI,  Zhang P,  Gilbert MR,  Chakravarti A,  de Groot JF,  Grimm SA,  Wang F,  Lieberman FS,  Krauze A,  Trotti AM,  Mohile N,  Kee AY,  Colman H,  Cavaliere R,  Kesari S,  Chmura SJ,  Mehta M

Journal: J Neurooncol

Date: 2016 Jan

Major Program(s) or Research Group(s): NCORP

PubMed ID: 26508094

PMC ID: PMC4720526

Abstract: This study tested the hypothesis that ABT-888 (velparib), a poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor, can modulate temozolomide (TMZ) resistance in recurrent TMZ refractory glioblastoma patients. The combination regimen (TMZ/ABT-888) was tested using two randomized schedules (5 vs. 21 days), with 6-month progression free survival (PFS6) as the primary endpoint. The maximum tolerated dose (MTD) for TMZ using the 21 day of 28 TMZ schedule, in concert with 40 mg BID ABT-888 was determined in a phase I portion of this study, and previously reported to be 75 mg/m(2) (arm1). The MTD for ABT-888 (40 mg BID) and the 5 of 28 day TMZ (150-200 mg/m(2)) schedule was known from prior trials (arm2). Two cohorts were studied: bevacizumab (BEV) naïve (n = 151), and BEV refractory (n = 74). Overall ten patients were ineligible. The incidence rate of grade 3/4 myelosuppression over all was 20.0 %. For the BEV refractory cohort, the PFS 6 was 4.4 %; for the BEV naïve cohort, PFS6 was 17 %. Overall survival was similar for both arms in both the BEV naïve [median survival time (MST) 10.3 M; 95 % CI 8.4-12] and BEV refractory cohort (MST 4.7 M; 95 %CI 3.5-5.6). The median PFS was essentially the same for both arms and both cohorts at ~2.0 M (95 % CI 1.9-2.1).