Selumetinib with and without erlotinib in KRAS mutant and KRAS wild-type advanced nonsmall-cell lung cancer.

Author(s): Carter CA,  Rajan A,  Keen C,  Szabo E,  Khozin S,  Thomas A,  Brzezniak C,  Guha U,  Doyle LA,  Steinberg SM,  Xi L,  Raffeld M,  Tomita Y,  Lee MJ,  Lee S,  Trepel JB,  Reckamp KL,  Koehler S,  Gitlitz B,  Salgia R,  Gandara D,  Vokes E,  Giaccone G

Journal: Ann Oncol

Date: 2016 Apr

Major Program(s) or Research Group(s): LUACRG

PubMed ID: 26802155

PMC ID: PMC4803455

Abstract: BACKGROUND: KRAS mutations in NSCLC are associated with a lack of response to epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors. Selumetinib (AZD6244; ARRY-142886) is an oral selective MEK kinase inhibitor of the Ras/Raf/MEK/ERK pathway. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Advanced nonsmall-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients failing one to two prior regimens underwent KRAS profiling. KRAS wild-type patients were randomized to erlotinib (150 mg daily) or a combination of selumetinib (150 mg daily) with erlotinib (100 mg daily). KRAS mutant patients were randomized to selumetinib (75 mg b.i.d.) or the combination. The primary end points were progression-free survival (PFS) for the KRAS wild-type cohort and objective response rate (ORR) for the KRAS mutant cohort. Biomarker studies of ERK phosphorylation and immune subsets were carried out. RESULTS: From March 2010 to May 2013, 89 patients were screened; 41 KRAS mutant and 38 KRAS wild-type patients were enrolled. Median PFS in the KRAS wild-type arm was 2.4 months [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.3-3.7] for erlotinib alone and 2.1 months (95% CI 1.8-5.1) for the combination. The ORR in the KRAS mutant group was 0% (95% CI 0.0% to 33.6%) for selumetinib alone and 10% (95% CI 2.1% to 26.3%) for the combination. Combination therapy resulted in increased toxicities, requiring dose reductions (56%) and discontinuation (8%). Programmed cell death-1 expression on regulatory T cells (Tregs), Tim-3 on CD8+ T cells and Th17 levels were associated with PFS and overall survival in patients receiving selumetinib. CONCLUSIONS: This study failed to show improvement in ORR or PFS with combination therapy of selumetinib and erlotinib over monotherapy in KRAS mutant and KRAS wild-type advanced NSCLC. The association of immune subsets and immune checkpoint receptor expression with selumetinib may warrant further studies.