Isolating the Role of Bevacizumab in Elderly Patients With Previously Untreated Nonsquamous Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: Secondary Analyses of the ECOG 4599 and PointBreak Trials.

Author(s): Langer CJ,  Socinski MA,  Patel JD,  Sandler AB,  Schiller JH,  Leon L,  Hazard SJ,  Ramalingam SS

Journal: Am J Clin Oncol

Date: 2016 Oct

Major Program(s) or Research Group(s): NCORP

PubMed ID: 25628268

PMC ID: PMC5016219

Abstract: BACKGROUND: Patient-level data from 2 phase III studies in patients with previously untreated, advanced-stage, nonsquamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) were pooled to examine outcomes with bevacizumab and chemotherapy based on age. METHODS: Data from patients randomized to paclitaxel-carboplatin (PC)+bevacizumab in the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group 4599 (E4599) and PointBreak studies were pooled and compared with E4599 patients randomized to PC alone. Patients were grouped by age: below 65, 65 to 74, 70 to 74, below 75, and 75 years or above. A multivariable model was used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) using time-to-event outcomes. Adverse events (AEs) were assessed by age group in each study. RESULTS: The PC+bevacizumab and PC arms comprised 901 and 444 patients, respectively. PC+bevacizumab was associated with significant increases in overall survival relative to PC in patients below 65 years (hazards ratio [HR], 0.75; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.62-0.89), 65 to 74 years (HR, 0.80; 95% CI, 0.64-1.00), 70 to 74 years (HR, 0.68; 95% CI, 0.48-0.96), and below 75 years (HR, 0.78; 95% CI, 0.68-0.89) but not in those aged 75 years or above (HR, 1.05; 95% CI, 0.70-1.57). Increased incidence of grade ≥3 AEs was reported with PC+bevacizumab versus PC in patients below 75 years (63% vs. 48%; P<0.05) and 75 years or above (81% vs. 56%; P <0.05) in E4599. CONCLUSIONS: This analysis suggests that the survival benefits associated with PC+bevacizumab extend to patient subgroups below 75 years with advanced-stage NSCLC; no benefit, however, was observed for bevacizumab-eligible patients who were 75 years or above.